A Career In Biotech And Life Science Offers Numerous Opportunities To Indian Students

Biotechnology tops the list of preferred science courses for many students in India, thanks to the lucrative career scope it offers. For those who have had biology as part of their intermediate curriculum, they stand a better chance of pursuing a career in this field.

What is included in the course?

To pursue post graduation in the field of biotechnology a student must hold a graduation degree in a relevant field from a recognized Indian University. The accepted degrees include BDS, B. Pharma, Clinical Microbiology, Microbiology, Bioinformatics, B. Tech in Biotechnology, or a B. Sc. in Biology. A number of institutes offer undergraduate and post graduate courses in biotechnology. These courses run for two years and are divided into four semesters.

A biotechnology course is typically a combination of biology and technology, and the main subjects covered in the curriculum are Bioinformatics, Molecular Biophysics, Immunology, Genetic Engineering, Microbiology, Genetics, Metabolism, and Biostatics, among a host of others. The course also includes relevant laboratory programs.

Opportunities in the Private Sector

Graduates in biotechnology are eligible to apply for jobs in a number of pharmaceutical companies such as Hindustan Antibiotics, Cipla, Hindustan Lever, or Dabur. They are offered roles of production-in-charge, quality control officer, or marketing manager. There are other companies also, not necessarily related to the pharmaceutical business, where these graduates can look for job openings. Godrej has a biotechnology division that can offer suitable openings.

Opportunities in the Government Sector

Though there are openings in the Government Sector for biotechnology graduates, a post-graduation would suit them better and leave them with a stronger chance of finding a suitable job. Several of the Government Research Institutes have openings in the field of Research – National Institute of Oceanography, National Brain Research Centre, and Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology are just some of the top names. Clearing the UGC organized NET exam would give them even better opportunities. NET life science coaching in Chandigarh can help them reach their goal in life.

Various Government Institutes such as the National Institute of Technology in Calicut recruits candidates for the post of lecturer. In order to qualify, you should either have a post-graduation degree or possess an excellent background of Molecular Biology and Genetics. The JAM exam conducted by the Indian Institute of Technology will help you gain admission into a reputed institute for completing your post-graduation, preparations for which you can take at IIT JAM biotech coaching in Chandigarh.

A number of exams are conducted by UGC for recruitment of candidates into a number of government posts. SSC Exams, Combined Defense Services exams, and Civil Services exams such as IPS, IFS, and IAS are other options. You can train for these alongside your NET preparations at a CSIR UGC Life Science coaching in Chandigarh.

Though the remunerations at the early stage of your career will be low, you can witness increments in your earnings if you make the right career choices. Biotechnology is a highly promising field at present and offers long term job opportunities if you are a dedicated candidate.

What Living Evidence Do We Have of Prehistoric Animals?

The other day, I was having an interesting debate with a biblical scholar friend of mine. You see, he doesn’t buy into the whole evolutionary theory, and whereas I admit there are holes in it, that is to say the exact timeline – we cannot know for sure because we just don’t have the fossil records for everything – still, that doesn’t mean we can deny evolution because we can see it in real-time, we can see the changes, not only in our own species, but in all the others as well. There is enough fossil record to see those changes, and they can’t be denied.

Then of course we have dinosaur bones, and despite popular biblical mythology, as was told to me by more than one person over the years, God did not put dinosaur bones on the planet to trick humans and to test their faith. To insist that God put dinosaur bones out there to trick us, or the devil did to get us to move away from God, is about the most ridiculous thing I’ve ever heard in my life. I hope you don’t buy into any of those fantasy theories. My acquaintance asked me; what living evidence do we have that prehistoric animals ever existed?

Yes, let’s a good question, and because the fossil record is broken, and we can figure out the entire lineage, what if I suggested that we do have living evidence today that prehistoric animals existed in the past? Let me go ahead and give you a few ideas to ponder, and a few species that we might consider when approaching this argument, for instance;

Turtles

Buffalo

Condors

Alligators

Polar Bears

Dragon Flies

Road Runners (Mini-Velociraptor)

Sharks (relative of the Megalodon)

Big Cats (related to the Saber Toothed Tiger)

Elephants (related to the Wholly Mammoth)

Now then, my question to you would be what species in prehistoric periods would you say that humans are related to? It seems that many evolutionary biologists and those that study the genetic variation in our own DNA believe that humans had evolved from a Tree Shrew. As crazy as that sounds, it actually makes sense, because even rats and mice are very similar in their genetic makeup to humans. Could it be that humans are evolved rodents? Well, that probably deflates your ego a little bit, but maybe humans are living proof of prehistoric animals. Have you ever thought there?

Maybe we are former dinosaurs, the ones which survived because they grew smaller as the vegetation was lessened? Maybe they were able to live underground until the vegetation came back? Maybe we are that living proof along with these other animals that I have cited above. The concept isn’t hard to grasp, and it’s worthy of taking a look at.

From an observational standpoint it all makes sense, but it certainly doesn’t make sense to anyone who has complete faith in biblical mythology, or the religious doctrines of past periods which have been passed onward. That’s not my fault, and it’s not my problem. Indeed I ask that you please consider all this and think on it.

Ecology: The Ascendent Perspective By Robert Ulanowicz (1997) – Book Review

This is a review of the book Ecology: The Ascendent Perspective, by Robert E. Ulanowicz.

Brief overview:

Ecology: The Ascendent Perspective, first published in 1997, is in many ways a more accessible and more philosophical follow-up to Ulanowicz’s groundbreaking but highly technical Growth and Development (1986), and can also be viewed as an intermediate book between this earlier technical text and his later book A Third Window: Natural Life Beyond Newton and Darwin (2009), which is primarily philosophical. It is intended for a scientific audience, and is not a pop-science book, but it is quite accessible, and will be an easy read for career scientists in any field, as well as motivated, science-minded undergraduate students.

The book outlines the core aspects of Ulanowicz’s network-based theory of how ecological systems grow and develop, but without going into as much depth about the mathematics. It is primarily a book of ideas. The book also explores the philosophical and historical underpinnings of the ideas, which I personally find are much more important than the specific theories themselves. Ulanowicz seems to know full well that his theories are a bit raw and unrefined, but I think that the philosophical points he makes are rock-solid and show deep insights that go far beyond what most scientists have to offer. While there are many grounds on which Ulanowicz’s theories can be criticized, it is hard to argue with the big-picture themes he presents, which show a deep awareness of cultural and societal influences on scientific research, and the innate limitations on what types of questions can be fruitfully asked and answered in a scientific context.

A Personal Story:

My story of reading this book is quite personal and bizarre.

In the fall of 2001, I was enrolled in Oberlin college, where I was in my senior year, majoring in mathematics. This semester, I was taking a private reading in the Biology department, on the topic of systems theory as it applies to biology and ecology. On September 11th, 2001, early in the morning, I secluded myself in one of the higher floors of Oberlin, and set out to read this book. I read a large chunk of this book in one sitting, and I can say, it produced a revolution in my world-view, an unfolding of new ideas which has continued to this day. When I left the building to take a lunch break, I was shocked to hear about the terrorist attacks that had recently taken place. This day was truly a worldview-changing day for me, in more ways than one.

My recommendations:

I recommend this book as a must-read for anyone studying any of the following subjects: ecology, networks, philosophy of science, and systems theory. The book will be of particular interest to anyone who is interested in questioning the dominant paradigms of science, and anyone who wishes to become more of a systems thinker or who wants to think more in terms of networks. The book may even be useful to economists or people interested in adopting a more systems-based approach in business, public policy, or other fields involving systems of people. The style is lively and the book is thought-provoking. And it’s a surprisingly easy read, given how deep the repercussions are of the ideas contained within.